Toxic for Dogs: Top Ten Toxic Products
Poisoning in dogs is considered as among the top canine medical cases in the U.S. Most of the cases are caused by seemingly harmless substances and products which are found in the home. However, dog owners should bear in mind that what is safe for people may not be perfectly harmless for their canine friends. It also follows that what is toxic to dogs may not be necessarily toxic to other household pets. Do you know that some of the most dangerous products which are toxic to dogs are food and medications that we frequently take?
Dogs suffering from toxicity often manifest several distinct symptoms. Most of these clinical signs include neurological and gastrointestinal problems, respiratory distress, cardiac problems, coma, and even death of the animal. The degree of severity is often dependent on the quantity of the substance which was inhaled or ingested.
Here are the top 10 dog poisons which have been identified as being toxic to dogs:
1. Human Prescription Medications
Majority of poisoning cases in dogs are associated with consumption of human prescription drugs. Most of these medications have been prescribed for cardiac and ADHD medications. Even though these are life-saving drugs for people, consumption even in small amounts by dogs may have ominous effects. The most common human medications which are harmful to dogs include antidepressants and Isoniazid, an anti-TB drug.
2. Over-the-Counter (OTC) Medications
There are also over-the-counter medications which are known to be toxic to dogs thus you should never give medications to your pet without your veterinarian’s advice.
3. People Foods
- Chocolate, particularly dark chocolates, contain theobromine, a substance with a structure very similar to caffeine. Dogs lack the enzyme that can effectively metabolize theobromine thus consumption of chocolates and caffeine-rich products can result in the build-up of toxic products in the body that can prove to be fatal. Small doses of chocolate can already cause vomiting and death may result when a dog has consumed chocolates in larger quantities.
- Avocados contain a toxic substance called Persin that can cause vomiting and diarrhea when consumed in sufficient quantities.
- Grapes and raisins increase a dog’s predisposition to kidney failure and aggravate existing disease problems of the kidneys.
- Xylitol in sugar-free gums and candies can cause liver failure and seizures in dogs.
- Macadamia Nuts are great additions to cookies and other baked products however they can cause vomiting, muscular tremors and hyperthermia within 12 hours after ingestion.
- Onions and garlic contain disulfides and sulfoxides that can destroy red blood cells and cause anemia.
4. Insecticides including Flea and Tick Products
Do you know that thousands of dogs are unintentionally poisoned by flea and tick products? Although largely beneficial, toxicity can often occur when a dog accidentally ingests an insecticide or when small dog breeds are given excessive amounts. Aside from flea and tick products, other toxic dog products which are implicated in dog poisoning include mouse and rat poison, and insect bait stations.
5. Household Products
Common house products such as paint, fire logs, and house cleansers including bleach can cause gastrointestinal problems and even death.
6. Veterinary or Pet Medications
Just like in humans, an overdose of pet medication in dogs can have serious health implications and can even result in death. Among the different pet medications, dog poisoning cases were commonly attributed to painkillers and dewormers.
7. Chemical Products
There are many chemical products which can be harmful to your canine friend. The ones which can easily be found in your home include antifreeze, chemicals which are used for your pool, paint thinner, and brake fluid.
8. Household Plants
Not all plants are pet-friendly. You may have some of these poisonous plants in your lawn where your dog spends most of his time. Azaleas, tulips, rhododendrons, and daffodils are just some of the ornamental plants that can cause digestive upsets, convulsions, cardiac problems, coma and even death when ingested by dogs.
9. Lawn and Garden Products
Products that are used to maintain your lawn and garden can be potentially toxic to dogs. For instance, fertilizers may contain bone meal and poultry manure thus making it appealing to pets.
10. Heavy Metals
Heavy metals such as lead and zinc are highly toxic to dogs. When consumed in adequate amounts, your dog can suffer from digestive and neurological problems and even death.
If you suspect that your dog has been exposed to or has ingested any of these toxic products, and your dog begins to exhibit any of the above behaviors, get your dog to your vet immediately.